Acne Prevention Tips

Although acne and puberty seem to go hand in hand, there are some acne prevention tips, simple things for you to do or take note of, to help you manage it.

Understanding Teenage Acne

Acne is one of the most common skin conditions and is partly caused by the hormonal changes that takes place when a teenager goes through puberty, resulting in blackheads, whiteheads, pimples or cysts to appear.

Many teens suffer from what is called acne vulgaris (the term “vulgaris” sounds pretty bad but all it means is “of the common type” ;).  It usually shows up on the face, neck, shoulders, upper back, and chest.

Nearly 8 out of 10 teenagers experience acne at some stage but the good news is that most will grow out of it.  But some adults may suffer from acne too.

What Causes Acne?

Acne Treatments That WorkThe hair follicles, or pores, in our skin contain sebaceous glands (or oil glands). These glands produce sebum, which is an oil that keeps our skin and hair lubricated. The sebaceous glands usually make the right amount of sebum. However, as a teenager’s body begins to mature and develop, hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands and they may become overactive.

Acne is caused by an over production of sebum by overactive sebaceous glands.  When there is too much sebum, pores become clogged with oil and too many dead skin cells. Bacteria (especially one called Propionibacterium acnes) can then get trapped inside the pores and multiply, causing swelling and redness.  Pimples are caused when the wall of the pore opens and sebum, bacteria and dead skin cells collect under the skin causing a red bump, and the start of acne.

Tips To Manage Acne

Wash your face – Twice a day using a AHA facial cleanser formulated for oily and acne-prone skin and warm water.  Do not scrub as that will worsen acne conditions.

If you wear make-up, remove it before going to bed so that it doesn’t clog your pores further.

Wash your face after exercise and keep your hair clean.

Make Up and Sunscreen – Use non-comedogenic sunscreen and make up as these will not clog your pores.  Ask your local pharmacist for advice to choose the right brands of products for your skin needs.

Acne Creams – There are many types of over the counter products available.  When using them, follow the instructions and do not use more than recommended as they may dry out your skin and make it worse.  Some ingredients may also cause allergic reactions.  If in doubt, check with your local pharmacist for advice.  TDF Acne E-Rase

Some topical acne treatments are only available on prescription by your doctor.  If condition does not improve, consult your local GP for medical acne treatment.

 

Food – Certain foods can trigger acne, so watch what you eat and avoid those that you think aggravate the acne condition.  You can read more about best foods for healthy skin in this website.

 

Most Importantly – DO NOT pick, touch or squeeze your zits!  Doing so may cause infections and acne scars to be formed.

I would love to hear from you.  If you have any comments or questions, please feel free to leave them below:

2 Comments

  1. Isabel Jasper September 26, 2015 Reply
    • Sue September 27, 2015 Reply

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